I have seen lots (and I mean LOTS) of positive outpouring of support for Caitlyn Jenner after her big reveal yesterday. This is heartening and gives me so much hope for the future for trans folk in this country, and eventually the World.
We can’t just talk about trans issues and trans people. We have to talk about the way we talk about trans issues and trans people. The ACLU did an excellent piece today that highlights why we shouldn’t let the conversation stop with discussing how fabulous Jenner looks, without also discussing how hard it is for 99% of trans people to ever attain that level of care.
I’m here to address how the words we choose when talking about trans people affects the tone of conversations and impacts the way trans people are seen by non-trans people (also called cisgender people).
Here are some tips about what to say, what not to say, and things to think about when you’re having a conversation about, or with, a trans person.
This article does an awesome job of explaining relevant terms like sex, gender, transgender, transsexual, cisgender, sexual reassignment surgery, etc.
Friendly Tips for Interacting With Trans People
- Don’t assume a transgender person’s sexual orientation
Gender identity is not the same as sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is who we are attracted to. Gender identity is about our own personal sense of being male or female. There are straight and gay trans people just like there are straight and gay cisgender people.
- Don’t guess if someone is transgender just by looking
Transgender people all look different. They may or may not appear “visibly trans.” You should assume there may be transgender people at any gathering. If you meet someone and you are generally not sure what their gender identity is, you can respectfully ask them “What is your preferred gender pronoun?” See below.
- Don’t assume someone is a he or she – listen first
If you’re not sure which pronoun to use, listen to people who know that person well. If you need to ask the person what they prefer, start with yourself. “Hi, I’m Joe and I prefer the pronoun he or him. What about you?” If you accidentally use the wrong pronoun, apologize with sincerity and move on.
- Don’t ask what their “real name” is
For some transgender people, being associated with their birth name is a source of anxiety. Respect the name they currently use. If you know the person’s birth name, don’t share it without his or her permission. Likewise, don’t share photos of someone before his or her transition without permission, and don’t ask to see any photos either.
- Don’t assume everyone knows
Be careful about outing someone. Knowing a transgender person’s status is personal. It is up to them to share it.
- Don’t ask about a transgender person’s genitals, surgical status, or sex life
You wouldn’t ask a non-transgender person about these issues, it’s just as inappropriate to ask a transgender person about these things.
- Don’t offer backhanded compliments or “helpful” tips:
- “I would never have known you were transgender. You look so pretty.”
- “You look like a real woman.”
- “She’s so gorgeous, I would never have guessed she was transgender.”
- “He’s so hot, I’d date him even though he’s transgender.”
- “You’d pass so much better if you wore less/more make-up, had a better wig, etc.”
- “Have you considered a voice coach?”
Thanks for listening, friends! Be most excellent to each other.